The whole field of medical microbiology began with the study of anthrax in the mid-1800s. The first microscope photos of a bacteria was of Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes the disease.
A 2004 anthrax outbreak in wild Chimpanzees in the Ivory Coast has sparked concerns about the spread of this disease to humans.
What can be used as a biological weapon?
Researchers discover how anthrax toxin harms the human body
http://www.nature.com/nsu/030901/030901-2.html (but this is being debated)
Potential BioWeapons Threats from the "experts": the US Army
Bioterrorism as a Public Health Threat
World Health Organization
Bioterrorism: How prepared are we?
Bioterrorism Resource Center (Medscape) VERY GOOD!
Federation of American
The Henry L. Stimson Center
Harvard Sussex Program
Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute articles from MIPT
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